|Posted by [email protected] on January 17, 2017 at 2:00 PM||comments (0)|
Mother Mounds, the Hatfield Barrow of Marden Henge
Immediately inside the eastern entrance lies all that remains of the Hatfield Barrow, once an immense monumental mound which was over 200 feet (70 metres) in diameter and more than 30 feet (9 metres) high. In 1769 it was proclaimed that the Hatfield barrow was second only to the giant Silbury Hill - the largest man made mound in Europe.
Standing overlooking the land and a once fine henge called Marden Henge that had ceremonial sweat lodges which have also been found in Orkney, the Hatfield Mound seemed immortal. Yet by 1809 ploughing had reduced it to a mere bump. Surrounded by a water filled ditch this mound was like a sacred island.
As the monument is sited close to the river’s source, it has been suggested that there may have been communication between Hatfield and the great henge of Durrington Walls close to Stonehenge.
The Catherine earth current intimately associated with the Duke Ley, courses through the mound's remains, no doubt remembering the mound, water and ceremonies.
http://www.theaveburyexperience.co.uk/dowsing_workshop_and_tours.html for dowsing tours in 2017
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|Posted by [email protected] on December 20, 2016 at 10:05 AM||comments (0)|
Leys and old trackways
One way the Orkney pottery tradition - which came southwards in Neolithic times - may have spread is through trade routes through Britain. What seems unusual is that although they shared the same style of pottery, different regions still maintained vastly different traditions. Says a top archaeologist: ' Evidence at some early Henges such as Mayburgh Henge, Ring of Brodgar and Arbor Low suggest that there were staging and trading points on a national 'motorway' during the Neolithic and Bronze Age. This evidence perhaps explains how Cumbrian stone axes found their way to Orkney.' So what were these 'motoways', they were the track leys that Watkins saw. Linking Stonehenge with Arbour Low is a powerful ley.
Leys were used on many levels, ritually to link sacred places and also practically to move items and people from one site to another. Leys are at the heart of the ancient world. In our next blog we will look at the 3 different types of Major Leys.
On a major ley that links Stonehenge to Scotland is Mayburgh Henge.
For more info on dowsing and leys go to www.theaveburyexperience.co.uk
The central area of the henge is almost 325 feet (100 metres) in diameter, is surrounded by an enormous bank, composed of river pebbles and now crowned in places by trees.
Some parts of the circular bank are almost 10 feet (3 metres) high creating a vast ceremonial and sacred space.
Unusually for a site of this type there is no surrounding ditch, while the bank is extremely tall. Close to the Esoteric Centre is a single large standing stone, just short of 10 feet (3 metres) high. Originally seven others accompanied thi stalwart stone: three more in the centre, forming a square with the fourth, and two pairs flanking the entrance. These were recorded in the eighteenth century. It is thought that they may have been removed to provide building material for either Penrith Castle or Eamont Bridge, although there is no real evidence to support this suggestion.
Mayburgh Henge dates to the end of the Neolithic period or the beginning of the Bronze Age, about 4,500 years ago.
To learn how to dowse sacred sites with the UKs leading expert dowser, Maria Wheatley, go to www.EsotericCollege.com
One very powerful ley courses through Stonehenge and heads to Scotland.
|Posted by [email protected] on December 10, 2016 at 3:50 AM||comments (0)|
Gib Hill is located 200m south-west of Arbor Low henge in the central uplands of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire.Gib Hill is not a hill but a a large bowl barrow superimposed on an earlier oval barrow. The barrows' construction ditches are also included within the monument and extend approximately 10m on either side.
Associated with the monument, but covered by a separate area, is the linear bank and ditch which passes through Gib Hill plantation and curves round the monument 60m to the south-east. In addition, close to the monument on its north-west side, is a semi-circular quarried feature. This, in the past, has been suggested to be an unfinished henge. Although the feature has been partially excavated the results were inconclusive.
It may, in fact, be a modern feature, contemporary with other quarry pits in the vicinity. The oval barrow comprises a 2m high mound measuring 27m by 46m. Its long axis appears to be orientated on Arbor Low henge, which has been covered in earlier posts.
The bowl barrow was constructed on the south-west end of the oval barrow and is a steep-sided sub-circular mound with a diameter of 24m by 27m and a height of c.3m. A number of partial excavations of the site have been carried out. The most notable of these were by William Bateman and Samuel Mitchell in 1824 and by Thomas Bateman in 1848. Previous investigations were poorly recorded and do not necessarily relate to Gib Hill. One of these is a possible excavation by the owner, Mr Thornhill, in 1812, when human bones and Roman coins were reputedly found. During Bateman and Mitchell's excavation, a smaller mound of stiff clay was found on the old land surface beneath the oval barrow. Monumental layering or placement is common - sacred areas were reused.
The smaller mound measured 3-4 yards across by 1.5 yards high and contained layers of charcoal and cremated human bone together with a possible arrowhead and a fragment of polished stone axe. Within the oval mound itself, Bateman and Mitchell found numerous flints and an iron brooch.
On the surface of the oval barrow, beneath the later bowl barrow, a square cist or grave containing a cremation and a pottery food vessel. The latter indicates an Early Bronze Age date for the bowl barrow. The oval barrow dates to the Neolithic period and is a landmark.
Mounds form a relationship with henges and earlier monuments. Possibly to link in and connect to the ancestors.
|Posted by [email protected] on December 6, 2016 at 7:15 AM||comments (0)|
Recent finds in the Stonehenge landscape
The changing face of the Superhenge Durrington Walls and what baffled archaeologists...
Durrington Walls is situated close to Woodhenge and Stonehenge and it was a superhenge.
Take yourself back to just before 2500 BC… and visualize a large enclosure containing a hundred or so houses, as this was once a thriving town with homes and temple spaces; built for the people that constructed Stonehenge.
Then Durrington Walls was transformed. Now visualize a massive timber circle of up to 300 posts that had a diameter of 440 metres with posts every 4-5 metres. This huge temple circle was only upstaged by a wooden circle in Wales.
Visualize this massive timber circle as beautifully painted. Rich in design with ochre golds, browns and reds, the colours of sunrise and sunset.
Then Durrington Walls was transformed. Now visualize a large ditch and bank (henge) that was constructed over the postholes, probably around 2480-2450 BC. Inside of which were large timber circles – maybe the posts of the earlier circle?
But this is what baffled archaeologists…
The heavy posts stood for less than 50 years. In other parts of Neolithic Britain posts were left to rot in situ.
But at Durrington Walls the posts were removed with unusual care and strange precision.
They were not dragged out at an angle but removed vertically. “Just how this was done remains a mystery”, says top archaeologist, Mike Parker Pearson in this months Archaeological Magazine.
The post weighed up to 3 tonnes but then the Neolithic experts were use to lifting an 11-ton sarsen to put onto its trilithon!
In my forthcoming book on Stonehenge and other sacred sites I will be exploring pre-Celtic symbolism that was integrated into these divine structures adding new insight into age-old monuments. My ancestors had a spiritual tradition and culture equal to the Far East…
Can we have this, please?
Woodhenge in Illinois in the USA was built of cedar and reconstructed as was another henge like strucutre called the Goseck circle in the Burgenlandkreis district in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. The site was made public in August 2003, and it was opened for visitors in December 2005.
|Posted by [email protected] on November 22, 2016 at 4:25 AM||comments (0)|
New ancient site discovered near Stonehenge
Due to a housing development about 1.5 miles from Stonehenge a sacred site was recently unearthed.
Older than Stonehenge by a thousand or so years, the causewayed enclosure that was discovered is one of the oldest monuments in the ritual landscape.
Causewayed enclosures are concentric rings of ditch and banks separated by causeways (like a gap in the ditch and mound feature). I have been researching these enigmatic sites for my forthcoming book on Stonehenge and other power places.
Dated to around 3650 BC this causewayed enclosure close to Stonehenge was being used as a ceremony site is certain. Today it is part of a military complex and houses will be placed upon.
Oldest Known Solar Calendar in England
17 miles to the north of Stonehenge, I discovered that one of the largest causewayed enclosures in England called Windmill Hill was in fact a solar calendar marking the Solstices and Equinoxes.
Each causeway - or gap- marked a sun rise. Imagine looking at the gap -or gateway - and on one of those Quarter Days the Sun is framed perfectly and you see and feel the sun light. But there is far more to a causewayed enclosure than that and its ancient use is emerging from the distant past. I am writing about these monuments today!
A splendid causewayed enclosure that crowns a hilltop near Avebury Henge is Knap Hill at Alton Barnes. Walking in the footsteps of our ancestors and exploring the landscape is magical www.theaveburyexperience.co.uk
|Posted by [email protected] on October 22, 2016 at 6:40 AM||comments (0)|
Battlesbury hillfort and a Bronze Age settlement
Battlesbury hill fort is an Iron Age hillfort situated on the Salisbury Plain. Crowning the hilltop it was used as a ceremonial centre by the Druid caste in prehistoric times.
But what attracted the Druids to this remote part of Southern England? Centuries before, the Bronze Age people of Wessex had created a settlement in this area. Rich and fertile lands offered a plentiful harvest.
Battlesbury ramparts follow the natural contours of the hill inaccessible on the west and northeast sides. It has triple ditches and ramparts for the most part, with double on the southeast side. The site encloses 23.5 acres in all. There is an entrance in the northwest sector aligning to the midsummer sunset,
Pits found within the fortifications contained late Iron Age pottery, the hub of a chariot wheel, an iron carpenter's saw, a latch-lifter for a hut door, querns, whetstones, sling stones, and animal bones. These all indicate a permanent occupation and date from the 1st century BC.
The southwest area of the hill fort had ancestorial connections as Bronze Age burial mounds or tumuli were intergrated into the hillfort. Part of the inner ditch is occupied by a large circular barrow, which was excavated, but was found empty. A few feet further to the west are two other barrows, over which the great inner rampart passes; these on opening, proved to be sepulchral: in the largest was found a cist containing burned human bones at the depth of two feet; and in the smallest, two skeletons were found, lying from south to north, the head of the smallest reclining on the breast of the other. On the breast of the largest skeleton there was a small ring or bead of stone.
|Posted by edwinswagger on December 7, 2015 at 12:55 AM||comments (0)|
Navan Fort (Old Irish: Emaın Macha ([ˈeṽənʲ ˈṽaxə]), Modern Irish: Eamhain Mhacha ([ˈaw̃nʲ ˈw̃axə]) is an ancient monument in County Armagh, Northern Ireland. According to tradition it was one of the great royal sites of pre-Christian Gaelic Ireland and the capital of the Ulaid. Severed heads of their enemies were said to be kept here. It is a large circular enclosure—marked by a bank and ditch—with a circular mound and the remains of a ring barrow in the middle. Archeological investigations show that there were once buildings on the site, including a huge roundhouse-like structure. The site is believed to have had a pagan ceremonial purpose. According to the Oxford Dictionary of Celtic Mythology, "the [Eamhain Mhacha] of myth and legend is a far grander and mysterious place than archeological excavation supports".
The name Eamhain Mhacha is thought to mean "the pair of Macha" or "the twins of Macha". 'Navan' is an anglicisation of the Irish An Eamhain.